The modern textile industry
After the first industrial revolution, western European countries textile factory developed fast, after 1840 years a large number of "YangSha" and "machine made piece goods" dumping to China, the China textile handicraft industry nearly destroyed. The westernization movement rose in the 1860s, and the westernization movement gradually established the military industry of the government and extended to the production of military textiles. For example, zuo zongtang's lanzhou bureau of weaving, which was established in 1880, was the first textile factory in China to use a complete set of power machines except silk reeling. At the same time, foreign capitalists began to build textile factories in China. For example, the baochang silk reeling factory established by the French in Shanghai was put into production in 1878.
This time, in addition to provincial officials have set up camp officer of textile and a growing number of foreign capital textile mill, the local gentry also gradually established joint venture private and patronage of the joint venture textile mill. The first world war was a brief spring for China's national textile industry. By 1919, 54 Chinese cotton mills had produced 1.65 million ingots. End of the Anti-Japanese War, the then national government took over the Japanese 69 textile mills in China, formed a camp called countries as well as bureaucratic capitalism ", "China textile construction company (hereinafter referred to as" ZhongFang company ").
At that time, China textile corporation was in a pivotal position in China's textile industry, and its technology was also in a leading position. ZhongFang company absorb the advantage of the Japanese factory management, pursuit, collated published textile standard operation method, process specification and other technical documents, multiphase technology course training at all levels of technical backbone and skilled workers.
After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the government took over the factories of the China textile construction corporation and changed them into state-owned enterprises. Gradually, the private textile mills were transformed into socialist enterprises. Through public-private partnership, they eventually became state-owned enterprises. We will set up a large-scale textile machinery factory and build a chemical fiber factory. The textile industry began to enter the stage of vigorous development.
Since the 1950s, China began to introduce and vinylon fiber technology. In the '60 s and the introduction of acrylic fiber technology, started to produce chemical fiber, to the early 80 s, the country more than 200 textile machinery factory according to the division of the host, spare parts, special fittings production, the craft is specializing in the production of forms, such as form the professional network. China has been able to produce cotton textile, wool textile, hemp textile, and silk weaving, printing and dyeing, and other more than 1500 sets of equipment and its special, accessories.
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